/*/, Praying for Rain and Other Efforts to End the Fires in 2005. But in practice, these permits are often easy to obtain and even if the firms accidentally start a fire, they are rarely prosecuted, due to what many environmental campaigners claim is an increasingly fraudulent system. The Sundaland region, which include peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali, has been designated a biodiversity hotspot designated by Conservation International. “If any Malaysian companies flout laws of the country they operate in, action should be taken. 3���.4Oya匨����0+���7�']T���:��@��:��k���&Bɦ��_�@�,��\:�}Ĕ�y[�=B!�0W���7� ��������n�_m���T�� ��J�wԞ]�n7u�)X��-� e����h�2Z� Under the emergency rules, Port Klang, the country's biggest and busiest harbor, will be shut down. In response, ASEAN members developed a Regional Haze Action Plan to monitor and combat the pollution caused by land and forest fires. But unhealthy levels were reported in Miri, in Sarawak State, on the island of Borneo, because of a peat fire that started in the area. \=/, “Hassan said, fires in Indonesia were primarily responsible for pushing the air pollution index to unhealthy levels. These experts will liaise and work actively with key Malaysian agencies and institutions to develop 'quick wins' in the palm oil industry, in the creation of a smart city and smart village, and in education." Malaysia has the world's fifth largest mangrove area, which totals over a half a million hectares. Environmental Issues in Malaysia. [Source: Jasbant Singh, Associated Press, August 16, 2005], “Syed Hamid said the pollution issue should not be seen as one country’s problem. Dozens of demonstrators turned up outside the Indonesian embassy in Kuala Lumpur on Friday, angry that nothing had been done to put a stop to the problem. Your picks: Top environment stories of 2016. The smoke has blown over the western coast of Malaysia, shrouding its biggest city, Kuala Lumpur, its capital, Putrajaya, the technology city Cyberjaya and the biggest port district, Port Klang. It is the first time the 500-level has been breached in Malaysia. Seventeen hot spots were also seen in Malaysia's Sarawak state, and 16 in Indonesia's Kalimantan province, both on Borneo island, it said. ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES IN MALAYSIA According to the Oxford Dictionary, global warming can be Developing The Green Supply Chain Management. By now, they should have realised that what they did would have an impact here in Malaysia, their own country," he told the Associated Press. Associated Press reported: “Mohamad Adha Shah Mohamad Basir says the schools in Muar district were told to shut Thursday. During the period of haze and fires in 1997, officials at the Southeast Asia Games in Kuala Lumpur were unable to start the games when they wanted to when haze blocked out sunlight that was supposed to be focused by a huge magnifying glass into a giant bowl to produce a flame. Populations of the orangutan, found only in this hotspot, are in dramatic decline. Environmental issues in Malaysia include: “air pollution from industrial and vehicular emissions; water pollution from raw sewage; deforestation; smoke/haze from Indonesian forest fires. [Source: Vijay Joshi, Associated Press, August 11, 2005]. A contractor that installed pollution monitoring equipment was required to sign an agreement with the government that it would not reveal any of the information they collected.Air Pollution includes particles of soot, organic hazardous material, heavy metals, acid aerosols and dust. Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands. "Corruption and collusion is rampant. Indonesia named 10 plantation companies—eight of them Malaysian—it wants to hold legally responsible for setting fires to clear land. Rubber, oil palm, and pulp production are three of the most detrimental forces facing biodiversity in the Sundaland Hotspot. [Source: Associated Press, August 4, 2005]. Please click this link to view samples of our professional work witten by our professional essay writers. "When something like this happens, we have to ask for God's help," said Prime Minister Abdullah Badawi. Malaysia's vision of a "green economy" would see it moving beyond its status as a manufacturing hub, and establish "low carbon emissions, highly efficient use of resources, and a healthy, well-educated populace." Environmental Issues in Malaysia Akademika 42 & 43 (1993) 45 -67 Environmental Issues in Malaysia - A NGOPerspective Gurmit Singh K.S. Granite and limestone mountains rising to 2,189 meters are the backbone of the Malay Peninsula. The boundary between the Sundaland Hotspot and the Indo-Burma Hotspot to the northwest is here taken as the Kangar-Pattani Line, which crosses the Thailand-Malaysia border. Acrid smoke seeped into office air-conditioning systems. “Let’s not make insinuations. Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:181.9 million Mt (2010 est. Wawa Jamaluddin 193 views. More than a million years ago, the islands of Sundaland were connected to mainland Asia. For example, he said, it would have to demonstrate a speedy response from all levels of government when fires broke out, a challenging task in the huge archipelago. (1998) also demonstrated that in Malaysia, many environmental issues and problems have been identified requiring urgent attention. ��z4����7�,�>�]#zƥˊ^u�F���@�� The Nicobar Islands, which are under Indian jurisdiction, are also included. � �}�r�F���z�SI "�oҔW���;q�yoj*�R5�& �h@C�j�ު�U��}�y�y�{��n��և��7�ID��ӧ����>h>���۳�}��M�it��D�a�ϓ����H_�����e���2q��|�W\]m�l|3�c?�xKl/[�Lfi�g��OY��I�x*��{WI0)���T$y�UR�y^\�8�1���E��w���ir%*��ZQƒ��n;�7A��Ǐ-E��4p�@xA��Sxʉ��S�3�"x����v?me�� �H�%>*[j?ro,2��|�x��?��j!O[ۿ����I?%���` �^$�q6q;�#Xf�H�O��d' ZtI��?I�hi%q�`�-'��x3�8��R��31JR�9�Ӡx1��y8������`��^Oh���Q��d������n�1�%�U4��zAa%�͋��E����W�VY�(�E0ȝ|���[y�/����&�gI�ɧ�������(?�l5=:��!���?�l���Ɠ%��4�('^̯�!�J��t(Oz=>�D���(I{��]����~�\�^���gW���^��i��q���ۃo�D�ȭ��ԅ+7�������ԅY\\D�p����F��\�w\������It��i,�& �.�#��cjX��֚*��S���, �%��R]��7��c����_-�_�֯�ސ��@�]��؝�A�b•�瑺�SWo��\/��U�0MXY` ��s)��i�xG���C.3�H��� "��W�4u&g����qX'��N:�jG According to the Conservation International website: “The spectacular flora and fauna of the Sundaland Hotspot are succumbing to the explosive growth of industrial forestry in these islands and to the international animal trade that claims tigers, monkeys, and turtle species for food and medicine in other countries. The Meteorology Department said no respite was expected until October, when rains would help. According to a survey of expatriates living in Asia: India, China, Vietnam, the Philippines, Indonesia and Hong Kong are regarded as the dirtiest places in Asia, while Singapore, Japan and Malaysia were regarded as the cleanest. Road work will be suspended and the use of personal cars and trucks will be discouraged. The haze is a mixture of dust, ash, sulfur dioxide and carbon dioxide. "Southwesterly winds are blowing from Sumatra to Malaysia. IIUM Law Journal. I think Indonesia is much interested in the well being of the region,” he said. The province is separated from peninsular Malaysia by the narrow Malacca Strait. This site contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been authorized by the copyright owner. The worst environmental crisis to hit Malaysia in eight years is threatening public health and disrupting traffic by reducing visibility. [Source: Associated Press, August 9, 2005 /*/], “The Natural Resources and Environment Ministry said in a statement received Tuesday that the air in seven areas including the capital Putrajaya and the country's largest city Kuala Lumpur has become unhealthy from the haze.The dirty white acrid haze has hung over the Klang Valley which comprises Kuala Lumpur, making it unhealthy to walk outdoors. 2011;19(1). Syed Hamid also called on ASEAN’s 10 members, who include Malaysia and Indonesia, to standardize their environment laws and have a common standard for air quality. Prime Minister Abdullah Badawi vowed that action would be taken against any Malaysian companies caught burning forests in Indonesia. Local forestry officials were also leading ground checks, he said, and people could report hot spots to the forest fire control task force via cellphone. This constitutes 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. [Source: BBC, August 12, 2005]. Air pollution data has been deemed an “official secret” and is not released to the public. AFP reported: “The initiative is part of economic reforms instituted by Prime Minister Najib Razak aimed at pushing the Southeast Asian country towards developed-nation status by 2020. A major source of smoke, researchers say, are fires set on palm oil and rubber plantations, primarily in Sumatra, to get rid of old trees and to clear land for new plantations. Constitutional Issues Perhaps it isalso time to take along hard look atcertain constitutional issues and to make some hard decisions; inparticular the StatelFederal relationship. Although people already know how harmful these things are but they still go on. But the port would remain closed if the situation worsened, it quoted port authority chairman Yap Pian Hon as saying. "Malaysia's ambitious goal is to simultaneously reduce poverty and achieve a green economy," Najib said in a statement from New York. Malaysia faces many natural hazards, particularly flooding, landslides, and forest fires. [1] The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, founded in 1965, has evolved to become the world's most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of biological species. He said the government should also provide incentives for villagers to report fires before they get out of control. Even in the basement car park I can smell smoke," said Liew Cow Yuan, a consultant with the DHL Express Global Data Center in Cyberjaya. Environmental ethics is like the questioning post, it chooses to question the human race about certain key factors that are associated with environmental issues. \=/ Water pollution is arguably the most fundamental environmental issue in Malaysia, since the country's pollution problems began with water pollution caused by the three traditional industries of tin mining, natural rubber, and palm oil, as mentioned above. Liz Gooch wrote in the New York Times, “The 1997 haze cost Indonesia, Singapore, Malaysia and southern Thailand $4.5 billion, including from health costs and a decline in tourism, Mr. Quah said. Environmental issues in Malaysia. Corruption, Causes and Blame for the Forest Fires in 2005, The BBC reported: “Critics say corruption, a lack of funds and poor law enforcement are to blame for many of the fires. The environment of Malaysia is the biotas and geologies that constitute the natural environment of Malaysia. Environmental issues in Malaysia: | | ||| | Haze over |Kuala Lumpur|. Oil and grease have polluted coastal waters in all states and groundwater in some areas, and rates of deforestation increased from 0.4 percent annually during the 1990s to 0.7 percent annually from 2000 to 2005. “We must put in place necessary mechanism in order to prevent it from happening again,” he said. Among the environmental concerns that have been widely discussed in Malaysia are escalating carbon dioxide emissions from the transport sector, deforestation, open burning, excessive waste production and river pollution. Hundreds of forest fires on Indonesia's Sumatra Island, just across the Malacca Strait, have stoked choking, acrid haze that causes eyes to redden and leaves throats raspy. Bernama said the worsening haze had forced authorities at the country's biggest port, Port Klang, to halt operations for 90 minutes. The fires are an annual occurrence, and Malaysian officials have expressed frustration over Indonesia's failure to tackle the problem. [Source: AFP, May 18, 2011]. Such material is made available in an effort to advance understanding of country or topic discussed in the article. The two countries did agree Thursday to use cloud seeding to try to induce rain over the forest fires. He said that while blame was typically directed at Indonesia, fires in other countries also contributed to the haze. Air quality was moderate after morning rains. Human intervention poses a significant threat to the However, Malaysia's benchmark stock index slipped amid worries that prolonged haze could undercut palm oil exports, tourism and other economic sectors. He added that his division was trying to educate people about hot spot indicators. HOW COVID-19 KILLS--I'm a Surgeon--And Why We Can't Save You - Duration: 34:48. “ASEAN as a bloc has to look at this problem as an ASEAN problem,” he said. Issues of Environmental Pollutions In Malaysia Local authority plays a very important role to protect environmental especially from pollutions. Economic losses from those fires topped US$9.3 billion and prompted a 2002 agreement among six of the ten Association of Southeast Asian Nations members to fight fire pollution. Doctors have reported a rise in the number of patients suffering from sore throats and nasal congestion, the New Straits Times reported. Visibility was around 1 kilometer (about half a mile) over the central and southern area of the channel, it said. Those engaged in open burning could face a maximum fine of 500,000 ringgit (US$133,500; euro111,250) and five years' jail. The comment put to rest fears of another diplomatic spat between the two countries, who have often exchanged words over territorial rights, illegal Indonesian migrants in Malaysia and other problems. The topography of the hotspot ranges from the hilly and mountainous regions of Sumatra and Borneo, where Mt. Four other areas, including the financial capital Kuala Lumpur and Putrajaya, had air pollution levels above 300. The Environmental Quality Act 1974: A significant legal instrument for implementing environmental policy directives of Malaysia. [Ibid], Air Pollution, Smog and Fires in Indonesia. ��d��Q$��!��z���������e�B:���N��'x>�YI0��z]"�\%*�Ţ�@��ϳ��(L�@+꛺#��_C����PN�ݮ���;0����=�w�v�֤n��`4$�tLZ��)�[��k������6���Æ��7������c��z��?�1�W.�a�����'�� ���&�V�Xj��7�1�Nq2����$�/2�����HŤ4�>9_���ORNK Malaysia suffers from urban sprawl and traffic congestion in its capital Kuala Lumpur, and a lack of basic services in rural areas. From the forest fires of the Amazon and Indonesia (and many other parts of the world) to losing our last Sumatran rhino and reading of the plight of our indigenous communities who have long been guardians of our natural heritage, it seems like conservation has been on the backburner of many governments’ policies and priorities. “Agreement is one part, implementation is another.”. In Kuala Lumpur, many people believe the blame lies squarely with Indonesia. Malaysia suffers from urban sprawl and traffic congestion in its capital Kuala Lumpur, and a lack of basic services in rural areas. ASEAN’s Web site on the haze reported that the smoke was also affecting southern Thailand. “If they report fires early, then they should be rewarded, either with gifts in kind or money so that we can control the small fires quickly,” Mr. Quah said. Questions or comments, e-mail ajhays98@yahoo.com, Malaysia - Economics and Environmental Issues. Environmental Issues in Malaysia: Waste Disposal One of the main reasons that I am here is to learn and write about environmental issues in Malaysia. >>>, "The air is so bad that my eyes are stinging," said Gerard Miranda, a 31-year-old shopper. In some places, ancient uplifted coral reefs support specialized forests tolerant of the high levels of calcium and magnesium in these soils. "I feel very wretched. Air pollution and climate change There are many pressing environmental issues in Mongolia that are detrimental to both human and biophysical wellness. The three main pollution that happen in Malaysia are air pollution, water pollution and land pollution. “They set fires to open the area for planting because it’s much faster and easier,” he said. ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS IN MALAYSIA 21 IV. Indonesia's forestry minister, Malam Sambat Kaban, countered that 10 Malaysian firms clearing land in Indonesia had contributed to the problem. )�z�@DŽ����Ҷ��=��5�Q�JR� [Source: Conservation International website], Data: 2) Hotspot Original Extent (km²): 1,501,063; 2) Hotspot Vegetation Remaining (km²): 100,571; 3) Endemic Plant Species: 15,000; 4) Endemic Threatened Birds: 43; 5) Endemic Threatened Mammals : 60; 6) Endemic Threatened Amphibians; 59; 7) Extinct Species: 4; 8) Human Population Density (people/km²): 153; 9) Area Protected (km²) 179,723; 10) Area Protected (km²) in Categories I-IV 77,408. Malaysia rushed firefighters to Indonesia. He dismissed suggestions that Indonesia was being lackadaisical in dealing with the problem. design essay and biocompatibility of an arginine-based polyester » cost benefit analysis case study » nursing management reflective essay » Essay on environmental issues in malaysia. That fire was traced to the clearing of land by burning in Indonesia. [Source: Agencies, August 12, 2005], Earlier Associated Press reported: “Malaysia has banned most forms of open burning, including camp fires and outdoor cooking, in a desperate measure to ease the stifling haze blanketing Kuala Lumpur and surrounding areas due to smoke from forest fires in neighboring Indonesia. The smaller particles are more dangerous because they are more easily inhaled. Ms. Halimah warned that the haze could continue to be a problem in the coming months, given predictions of dry weather and southwesterly winds until September. So far I have concentrated on learning more about the ecology and organisms that live here, but I also need to learn about the practical environmental issues facing Malaysia. “ASEAN ministers noted that Indonesia had reduced the number of hot spots, areas with the potential for uncontrolled fires, but environmental experts say that better law enforcement is needed. Malaysia has previously sought out high-profile international advisers like Microsoft's Bill Gates when it launched its Multimedia Super Corridor project to build up its information technology industry in the 1990s. The haze, attributed mostly to fires burning on the Indonesian island of Sumatra, has become a recurring summer blight, engulfing parts of Malaysia, Thailand, Brunei and Singapore, and leaving a litany of health and economic costs in its wake. Some of the last refuges of two Southeast Asia rhino species are also found on the islands of Java and Sumatra. Published Date: 23 Mar 2015 Last Modified: 13 Jul 2017 Disclaimer: This essay has been written and submitted by students and is not an example of our work. Automobile emissions are Malaysia’s major source of air pollution, but air quality indicators for Malaysian cities tend to indicate cleaner air than in most other Asian cities. In 2002, they signed the ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution. While criticism has been heaped on Indonesia for failing to stop practices which can lead to forest fires, many of the large palm oil firms in the area are actually owned by businessmen from Malaysia. We are very concerned about the worsening situation, caused mainly by open burning in Sumatra," he was quoted as saying. Asthma attacks have soared and tourists are holing up in hotels or seeking refuge in air-conditioned malls at one of the busiest times. With greater urbanisation and more projects on hillside and coastal areas, Malaysia is facing multiple environmental problems such as an increase in … "The haze has become more acute for our neighbors ... and we are truly sorry for this. Mr. Quah said he believed that the Indonesian government was not ready to meet the terms of the agreement. [Source: Vijay Joshi, Associated Press, August 11, 2005 >>>], “However, supermarkets, shops selling food and drinks, pharmacies and essential services will remain open. "We see science and technology innovation as key to achieving that goal, guided by the advice and active support of some of the world's most distinguished entrepreneurial, scientific and economic experts. Borneo suffered a massive forest fire in the 1980s. [Source: Associated Press, October 20, 2010], Malaysia Haze Points to a Regional Problem, Liz Gooch wrote in the New York Times, “For much of the year, the Petronas Towers, the world’s tallest twin buildings, are gleaming landmarks visible far from the city center here. View Article Google Scholar 25. The IUCN Red List gives 2890 native endangered species. [Ibid], Sundaland is bordered by three hotspots. Indonesian Forest Fires in 2005 Blanket Malaysia in Haze, In August 2005, forest fires in Indonesia's Sumatra province covered Kuala Lumpur and other cities and towns in Malaysia with a smoky haze that reduced visibility to as low as one kilometer (half a mile). This statistic displays the results of a survey conducted by Ipsos about the most concerning environmental issues in Malaysia as of March 2019. However, outdoor grills, barbecues and burning of articles as part of religious rites are permitted, the ministry statement said. Foreign Minister Syed Hamid Albar told reporters that the Malaysian government will not interfere or protest if Indonesia prosecutes the Malaysian companies operating on Sumatra that were identified as having contributed to the problem. Wallacea lies immediately to the east of the Sundaland Hotspot, separated by the famous Wallace’s Line, while the 7,100 islands of the Philippines Hotspot lie immediately to the northeast. [Source: BBC, August 12, 2005]. Environmentalists accuse big palm oil producers in the area of using the cheap but dangerous slash-and-burn method to clear land for their plantations - a method they need official permits to use. >>>, New agencies reported: “Schools in Selangor would be closed for the rest of this week, state Chief Minister Khir Toyo said. /*/, “The ban on open fires includes burning of animal and bird carcasses, solid fuels, diseased plants, camp fires, leaves, tree branches, yard trimmings, industrial inflammable gases and structures for fire control training. The skies over Kuala Lumpur were clearer, and pollution levels in the capital had dropped to mostly moderate levels. If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner. Malaysia also hopes to develop smart cities and villages, where the Internet is available and resources, such as water and electricity, are managed efficiently through information technology. But in mid June 2012, the 88-story structures were shrouded in a smoky haze that prompted doctors to warn people with respiratory problems to wear masks. Schools in and around Kuala Lumpur were closed for two days. Malaysia’s wealth of natural resources has been indispensable to its economic growth, but this growth has come at significant human and environmental cost. It's become public knowledge and no longer a secret," Ruly Syumanda, a spokesman for an Indonesian environmental watchdog, told the French news agency AFP. Malaysia biggest problem is the environmental pollution. We will not interfere,” he said. According to … At the same time a judge has ordered work to stop at a dam in Borneo over environmental reason and concerns about the rights of indigenous people. Associated Press reported: “The Department of Environment said air quality in an area in central Perak state was "unhealthy," and it downgraded air quality in 32 other areas nationwide, including Kuala Lumpur, from "good" to "moderate." "The situation is hazardous to ships without navigational equipment," the department said. Kuala Lumpur reported unhealthy air quality levels in 1997, when brush fires in Indonesia destroyed some 10 million hectares (25 million acres) of vegetation, cloaking much of Southeast Asia with haze. In October 2010, more than 200 schools in southern Malaysia were ordered closed after a drop in air quality due to haze from fires in Indonesia. Cloud seeding involves releasing a chemical at high altitude to accelerate the formation of rain-producing clouds. Kinabalu rises to 4,101 meters, to the fertile volcanic soils of Java and Bali, the former dominated by 23 active volcanoes. The government has ordered academics not to make reports about pollution. The Meteorological Department repeated a low visibility warning to vessels plying the Malacca Strait, a busy shipping lane that separates peninsular Malaysia and Indonesia's Sumatra island. Malaysia has provided Indonesia with firefighting equipment and firefighters, while Singapore has supplied satellite-imaging equipment to detect hot spots, he said. He said the Association of Southeast Asian Nations already has an agreement on tackling haze, but the pact was ineffective because it lacks specifics. Najib said the council would aim to "raise the number of scientifically and technically-trained individuals, entrepreneurs and innovators in our country." In May 2011, Malaysia announced an ambitious plan to build a "green economy" with the help of an advisory council that includes economist Jeffrey Sachs and the UN climate change chief. The smog is drifting across to Malaysia from land clearance fires on the Indonesian island of Sumatra. The practice is illegal, but authorities have rarely enforced the anti-burning laws. \=/, “Anthony Tan, executive director of the Center for Environment, Technology and Development, Malaysia, an independent research organization in Kuala Lumpur, urged a broad view of the problem. The acrid smell of burning vegetation filled the air. If you are the copyright owner and would like this content removed from factsanddetails.com, please contact me. [Source: Jasbant Singh, Associated Press, August 16, 2005]. "In my office, things look normal, but if I go down to the building's lobby area, I can smell smoke. The 1997 forest fires in Indonesia smothered Southeast Asia in its worst haze in decades, with another severe episode occurring in 2005, said Euston Quah, a professor of environmental economics at Nanyang Technological University in Singapore. �WR�(\UpVkf.�;�-vE��~w��F�s�=��ݟ][jT#. River pollution was identified as the major ecological problem in Malaysia, although drinking water quality was not seen as a critical issue. When such things happen, we must also pray to God to seek help," Abdullah told reporters. Department of Environment readings showed pollution levels in the district in southern Johor state were potentially hazardous earlier. But people went to work Thursday, many wearing surgical masks that offered little protection from the noxious air. Livestock farming, domestic sewage, and landclearing have contributed to river pollution, but government documents do not suggest that river pollution is widespread or acutely problematic. “This agreement must be translated into an action plan and have a mechanism that can be operationalized when such situations occur,” he said. “More than 1,000 separate fires are still burning in Sumatra, and Indonesian officials have warned that it could be several days before they are brought under control. [Source: Liz Gooch, New York Times, June 23, 2012 \=/], “Ten years later, Indonesia remains the only country in the bloc not to have ratified the agreement. While clearing land by burning is now banned in Indonesia, Mr. Quah said he was not aware of a single case in which a plantation owner had been prosecuted for a fire set on his property. Main article: Endangered species. Environmental pollution problems in Malaysia have a long history.This is a very serious issue as it can affected economy and quality of life. Urban Environmental Issues in Malaysia - Duration: 2:00. Consequences of shipping on the environment. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Combating the Causes of the Forest Fires in 2005, Jasbant Singh of Associated Press wrote: “Indonesia is free to prosecute Malaysian-owned plantations responsible for setting forest-clearing fires on Sumatra island, the foreign minister said, as he called for a regional action plan to deal with such ecological disasters. Thailand, South Korea and Taiwan were in the middle. Like many tropical areas, the forests are being cleared for commercial uses. In environmental issues the primary concern with regard to the Federal Constitution is the fact that Mother Nature has no time �'��f��3�{��}���.�P�"����܄��R�%���d�\��0�&�����)7 Ǔ���,1W"1R�9-�����Y���a$ The list includes air pollution, water pollution, soil erosion, loss of natural habitats for both endemic and endangered fauna and flora, solid waste disposal and animal husbandry waste management. media caption Jonathan Head looks at the environmental cost of bauxite mining in Malaysia Bauxite mining has become a controversial political issue in Malaysia. Travel agents said the haze would have minimal impact on tourism because key destinations such as Langkawi and Penang in northern Malaysia were not affected. Malaysia by the copyright owner and environmental issues in Malaysia Local authority a! 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