Uses. It is taro and is widely cultivated in the high rainfall areas under flooded condition ... Herbal drugs or medicinal plants, and their extracts and isolated compounds have Species Overview. 11. Widely cultivated in the tropics, its original range is … Taro, whose scientific name is Colocasia esculenta (or antiquorum) is cultivated both in the uplands as high as 4,000 feet, and in marshy land irrigated by streams. Taro root is part of the Araceae family. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Taro. The medicinal uses of poi. Brit J Nutr 2006;96:1021-9. 2012; 60(28): 7005, © International Journal of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases | Published by Wolters Kluwer -. Hypoglycemic property. Colocasia antiquorum esculenta (L.) Schott. 2016; European Journal of Integrative Medicine. General Information. PDF | Colocasia esculenta leaves and roots are widely used in Asian countries, such as, India, Srilanka and Pakistan, as food and feed material. Molecular cloning, recombinant gene expression, and antifungal activity of cystatin from taro (, Brown AC, Reitzenstein JE, Liu J, Jadus MR. Ear ache , Otorrhoea, Internal hemorrhages, Inflamed glands, Buboes, Asthma, Piles, Diarrhea. Natural Products and Bioprospecting. Brown AC(1), Valiere A. Agwunobi LN, Angwukam PO, Cora OO, Isika MA (2002) Studies on the use of Colocasia esculenta (taro cocoyam) in the diets of weaned pigs. The plant species is known for treatment of asthma, arthritis, diarrhea, internal hemorrhage, neurological disorders, and skin disorders. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Colocasia esculenta leaves have medicinal uses as antimicrobial, antidiabetic, hypolipidemic and hepatoprotective agents. CHINESE: Lao hu guang cai, Dong nan cai, Hong tu yu, Yu tou hua, Yu tou, Tai yu, Guang cai. J Food Sci 2006;42:19-21. Common Name: Taro Family: Araceae Juss. The flower is a spathe, yellow in colour, and fused along the stalk. Sheth AK. Female inflorescence short, male inflorescence long, cylindrical, usually interposed neuters between the two. Pullaiah T. Encyclopedia of World Medicinal Plants. These types of homegaredens were found at altitudes between 1200 and 1500 m.a.s.l. The pressed juice of the petiole is stypic, and may be used to arrest arterial hemorrhage. The juice of the corm is used in cases of alopecia. Colocasia esculenta Linn. PDF | Colocasia esculenta leaves and roots are widely used in Asian countries, such as, India, Srilanka and Pakistan, as food and feed material. The aqueous extract causes paralysis in frogs. Colocasia esculenta is an annual herbaceous plant found in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. 2020; Journal of Food Biochemistry. Habitat Most commonly cultivated in lo‘i (ponds) occasionally persisting after fields abandonned (Wagner et al. This plant was introduced by the natives when they first came; it is cultivated as an article of food.Taylor 1855 Among them, Taro (Colocasia esculenta) considered as 5th chief root crop due to its medicinal, ornamental and food formulation facets.Competitively it holds a considerable amount of starch even more than that to potato, sweet potato, cassava and so on. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of the saponins and alkaloid-rich fractions of C. esculenta leaves on thio acetamide-induced hepatic injury in rats. Publisher Summary. Wild taro was introduced into Florida in 1910 by U.S. Department of Agriculture as a substitute crop for potatoes. Use The rhizomes, petioles, and inflorescences are used as a vegetable. The ... Fiji. Anonymous. Anonymous. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety. Ajna Fern Colocasia esculenta, commonly called elephant's ear, taro or dashin, produces huge ruffled leaves of green or purple that stand on 3-foot stems. Colocasia antiquorum is found to possess hepatoprotective activity against liver injury in rats that were experimentally induced [2]. Fibre obtained from the leaf stalk has been used for plaiting. A steamed pudding is made from grated taro and coconut. PopUp = window.open( location,'RightsLink','location=no,toolbar=no,directories=no,status=no,menubar=no,scrollbars=yes,resizable=yes,width=650,height=550'); }, Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None. Cook Islands. Taro corms are very high in starch, and are a good source of dietary fiber. New York: CRC Press; 1999. p. 143. Believed to be ones of the earliest cultivated root crop, Colocasia esculenta or Taro is a tropical plant characterized by its large fat leaves on the end of upright leaf stalks and its thickened rounded corm. Rakesh Prajapati, Manisha Kalariya, Rahul Umbarkar, Sachin Parmar, Navin Sheth P Colocasia esculenta (Araceae) Chemical P artAlp s . Leaves are simple, with a stout petiole, lamina peltate, ovate-cordate or sagittate-cordate. Known Hazards. In: Chaudhury RR, Rafei UM, editors. New Delhi: Springer; 2007. p. 167. The Wealth of India: A Dictionary of Indian Raw Materials and Industrial Products. esculenta Schott; Caladium esculentum Hort.] 2017; : 1. Iwashina T, Konishi T, Takayama A, Fukada M, Ootani S. Isolation and identification of the flavonoids in the leaves of taro. Female flowers 3-4 gynous; ovary ovoid or oblong, one-locular; ovules several or many, biseriate; style 0 short in the beginning, later on 0; stigma depressed-capitate, very shortly 3-5 sulcate. It is a member of the Araceae family, which includes the philodendron, anthurium and dieffenbachia plants. Khare CP. According to Useful Plants of Boyacá Project The plant is antibacterial and hypotensive. is native to South-east Asia and India. The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. Colocasia Species: esculenta Family: Araceae Uses (Ethnobotany): Traditionally used medicinally for the treatment of digestive disorders. Arulmozhi S, Mazumber PM, Ashok P, Narayanan LS. This contribution provides a comprehensive review of its ethnomedical uses, chemical constituents, and the pharmacological profile as a medicinal plant. (Colenso 1869a, 1869b).Details on cultivation, harvesting, ceremonial uses in Colenso 1881. The leaves and the starchy corns are eaten as food as they are rich in vitamins and minerals. Common Name: Taro Family: Araceae Juss. In this article, we have focused on the Rakhine population trends, ma … Tuber and root crops are matured as fundamental food crops universally especially in tropical and subtropical regions. Appendix erect, elongate-conical or fusiform, subulate or abbreviate. Distribution Colocasia esculent Linn. Year 1998 ISBN 92-9061-118-9 Description Excellent guide to 102 medicinal herbs of the Pacific Islands, with photographs of each plant and details of their constituents, biological activities and traditional uses. Taro is a large perennial herbaceous plant growing up to 5-6 feet. We hypothesize that poi has potential use as a probiotic-defined by FAO/WHO as, "live microorganisms which when administered in adequate amounts confer a health benefit to the host." Hypolipidaemic effect of chemicaly different mucilages in rats: A comparative study. They are heart-shaped to arrow-shaped with prominent veins. C. It grows up to 1 m in height and the leaves are up to 50 cm long. Colocasia esculenta - Ensete ventricosum - Centella asiaticahomegarden. From shop AmixOFstuff. Colocasia gigantia 2017; 2017: 1, Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics. SummaryTaro (Colocasia esculenta (L) Schott is one among the staple crops at the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM). New Delhi: NISCSIR; 2001:2:157. Spadix shorter than the petiole and much shorter than the spathe, appendix much shorter than the inflorescence. Trop Anim Health Prod 34(3):241–247 PubMed Google Scholar Alam F, Hasnain A (2009) Studies on swelling and solubility of modified starch from taro ( Colocasia esculenta ): effect of pH and temperature. A wide range of chemical compounds including flavonoids, β-sitosterol, and steroids have … The rhizomes are used medicinally for treating swellings, abscesses, snake and insect bites, and swollen lymph nodes in the neck. Botanical References. 1990:1356–1357). Nonnative to Florida FISC Category 1 Invasive. Kirtikar KR, Basu BD. long, resemble the elephant’s ear. Colocasia indica is used as a blowpipe poison by the Semak in Perak, Malaysia. Leaf decoction promotes menstruation and when combined with other plants, relieves stomach pain and treats cysts. Other names include AFRIKAANS: Amadoembie. Ships Free W/ Free Offer AmixOFstuff. Cooked vegetable contains mucilage and found to be an effective nervine tonic. Leaves, Stem, All parts. Taro, Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott, Araceae, is one of the edible aroids distributed throughout the world, particularly in the tropics. FRENCH: Colocasie. Wiersema JH, Leon B. Chemical Composition. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes. The phylogenetic analysis showed a strong sister relationship with Colocasia esculenta, which also strongly supports the position of Pinellia ternata. Colocasia esculenta is a tropical plant grown primarily for its edible corms, the root and vegetables. Commelina benghalensis L. (Commelinaceae); Kona Simalu- A Uses: Stem and leaves are used externally to stop bleeding by Koch-Rajbongshi, Bodo, Rabha and The scientific name of the taro is Colocasia esculenta Linn. Indian System of Medicine and Homoeopathy Traditional Medicine in Asia. Araceae Sembu or Kattusembu Tubers cooked as vegetables to stimulant and indigestion tuber juice is rubbed on scalp for good growth of hairs. Life Cycle: Bulb Perennial Recommended Propagation Strategy: Division Country Or Region Of Origin: India to Southern China and Sumatera Bulb Storage: Corm Edibility: Poisonous until cooked. & Smith, K. Contributors: Drius, M. Justification: This plants is native to tropical Asia and south west Pacific where it can be found in wet fields and near the banks of ponds and streams. Internally, it acts as a laxative, demulcent, anodyne, galactagogue and is used in cases of piles and congestion of the portal system; also used as an antidote to the stings of wasps and other insects. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Country of Origin: Tropical Asia Description: [syn. Poi is a pasty starch made from the cooked, mashed corm of the taro plant (Colocasia esculenta L.). 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