It also is useful for windbreaks, hedges, shelter belts and topiary. Moist alluvial soils along rivers and streams, lowlands, flood plains and rich uplands. The foliage is mostly trifoliate. Fruit are enjoyed by cedar waxwings, cardinals and other birds. Because it is attractive to bees when flowering, it may be best to plant it away from the public. Bark is gray with shallow fissures and scaly ridges. White, fragrant, spike-like flowers are borne in April and May on the previous year’s growth. Flood plains on moist soils of valleys and lower slopes. These species are well adapted to drought stress and fire. The fruit are purple and olive-like. Leaves are alternate, obovate, often with a three-lobed apex. Flowers bloom in March and are white to pink. It prefers well-drained, acid soils with adequate moisture, although it appears tolerant of many different sites, except wet soils. Dig a large hole at least two times wider than the root ball of the plant and as deep as the root ball. They give the appearance of white "bottlebrushes" hovering above the plant. Plant in sun to shade and moist soils. Cones are 3 to 6 inches long, in clusters of three to five. Its picturesque branching, glossy foliage, attractive fall color and dark, blocky-patterned bark add interest to landscapes. Blue berries are borne in fall. It prefers rich, moist, well-drained, acidic soil and sun to partial shade. There is a Coastal Plain Stewartia (Stewartia malacodendron), also called Silky Stewartia and Silky Camellia, that is equally beautiful. It is attractive to bees, so use it away from public areas. It usually grows as a multi-stemmed shrub with a bold, erect, upright appearance. They may persist two to four years on the plant. It prefers light shade and adequate moisture during dry weather. Mixed pine/hardwoods ("climax") upland forest along valley slopes and bluffs, 3. Mayhaw is a thorny, deciduous, small tree with white flowers borne in a flat cluster in March. Often grows over limestone. Land where the product has been applied should not be used for grazing or cropping for feeding stuffs within the following periods: (a) two months in the case of pigs, and (b) three weeks in the case of other farmed animals. Some deciduous azaleas grow in moist, acid soils high in organic matter, while others grow on upland sites. Foliage remains relatively pest free in north Georgia, but in south Georgia a fungal disease may defoliate the plant. Flowers are an important nectar source for honey bees. The weather at this time of year can be very variable – warm days followed by severe frosts and cold winds – which can severely affect young growth and new plants. Female trees bear tiny, greenish-yellow flowers during leaf development in April or May. Minnesota to Maine, south to Florida and west to Texas. We translate science of everyday living for farmers, families and communities to foster a healthy 15 to 20 feet tall with a spread of 8 to 10 feet. It prefers moist, fertile soils in full sun to partial shade, but it is moderately tolerant of adverse conditions. Along stream banks and moist upland sites in the Piedmont and the Coastal Plain. The leaves emerge early, in March, and vary from green to reddish-purple. Flowers are white to pink, and fruit are about one-third-inch in diameter. Fruit are a favorite food for migrating birds in fall. It should be used more. Virginia Creeper is a deciduous vine with palmate compound leaves, medium texture and a fast growth rate. Yet, with the following composting instructions, you can put these gardening woes to ease. Bald Cypress produces "knees" (vertical root extensions) in swamps but not when grown in upland sites. This plant is endangered in Florida. Leaves are alternate, pinnately compound, 12 to 24 inches long, with 15 to 23 leaflets. Darrow’s Blueberry is a small evergreen shrub, rarely more than 24 inches tall. Flowers are white, bell-shaped, and held in drooping clusters. Mockernut — Massachusetts to Ontario and Nebraska, south to Florida and west to Texas. Fall leaf color is variable, from yellow to maroon or purple. All flower best if provided with filtered morning sun and afternoon shade. It performs best in moist, fertile soil. Occurs in areas that are wet during winter months. A source of wildlife food, it starts fruiting around 25 years of age. Plants grow where they do because they have finely adjusted to the local environment. Maine to Florida, west to Texas; north to Arkansas, Illinois, Wisconsin. Its long needles, large cones and sparse branching pattern make it the most distinctive pine of the Coastal Plain. Beware of its long, sharp spines along the inner trunk and foul-smelling fruit when deciding where to locate this palm in the landscape. The bark is a pleasing gray color. Strawberry-Bush is a deciduous shrub having medium texture and medium growth rate. Handsome grayish- to reddish-brown bark exfoliates into long strips. North Carolina to Florida, and west to Mississippi. New Jersey to Indiana, south to Florida and west to Texas. It is a tough plant, preferring moist, acid soils and full sun to partial shade. 25 to 40 feet tall and 20 to 30 feet wide. Minnesota to Georgia and Alabama; does not extend into the Coastal Plain. Flowers are fragrant, white to whitish-pink, and are borne in erect terminal clusters from late June through August. The family is given as a point of information since some unifying threads are common to plants in the same family. It may occur as a multistemmed, bushy tree. Areas adjacent to streams or ponds are ideal. It is not shade tolerant and does not like growing under a heavy overstory. The leaves are frequently blue-green, turning a brilliant fall color of yellow, bronze, orange, scarlet and crimson combinations. Scarlet Oak is a deciduous tree having medium texture and medium to fast growth rate. Flowers fade to pinkish-white, then light brown. Flowers are creamy white and borne in flat heads in April and May. Stipes Publishing Co. ISBN 0-87563-795-7. Thin, wet woods; shallow depressions; and other low, moist areas. Fruit are shiny, crimson-colored drupes in September. An easy-to-use organic based feed ideal for stronger, healthier flowers, fruit and vegetables. Foliage is aromatic when crushed. We have faculty and staff in every county across the state that are available to assist you. Not for full sun or stressful environments. Young trees have a handsome, exfoliating, reddish-brown bark that ages to a dark gray-brown color. 6 to 8 feet tall and 4 to 5 wide, depending on whether or not root suckers are pruned. Foliage is a lustrous, dark green. Woody Plants of the Southeastern United States: A Winter Guide. Bright red fruit persist throughout winter and are eaten by birds. Greenish-yellow flowers are borne in dense pyramidal clusters in June and July. Plant it in acid soils with adequate moisture, because it is only moderately drought tolerant. Massachusetts to northern Florida, west to Texas, north to Nebraska, Iowa, southern Wisconsin and Minnesota. It bears bright-red berries in fall through winter. It has a graceful pyramidal growth form. Although extremely beautiful and valuable to wildlife, hickories develop a deep taproot and are difficult to transplant. From potting soils to acidic mixes like Ericaceous compost, give your plants everything they need to grow. Leaves are two to three feet across, blue-green, palmate in shape, with a large notch in the middle. However, it would make a good ground cover plant along a shady foundation where there are no gutters. All hawthorns are valuable to wildlife by providing fruit and nesting sites. Avoid planting in drought-prone sites. Fragrant, pinkish-white, bell-shaped flowers are borne from April to May. Furthermore, light levels change as the plant canopies mature and change. It transplants readily because of a negligible taproot. Supports hummingbird spring migration. 35 to 40 feet tall and 25 to 30 feet wide. It performs best in moist, fertile soils, but it has been observed growing satisfactorily on dry sites and heavy soils. It can be mistaken for Wafer Ash or Boxelder when young. Numerous cultivars exist, including some with variegated foliage. Moist alluvial flood plains or hammocks with mixed hardwoods in the lower Coastal Plain. It has a variable habit, generally upright and compact, with many branches. New York, southwest through the Appalachians and the Ohio valley, to central Alabama and east to Georgia. Sap is milky. Virginia to Florida, west to Louisiana, Arkansas and eastern Texas. Although native plants generally do not require supplements to their native environment, adjustments may be necessary when they are planted outside their native habitat to provide suitable soil fertility for best growth. Sourwood is a deciduous, flowering tree with an oval form, medium texture and a medium to slow growth rate. It is not aggressive and can be kept within bounds with regular pruning. Winter flower buds are smooth and greenish to light brown in color. Individual flowers are 1 inch in diameter with five narrow petals. They also create a sense of place, fostering appreciation of our natural heritage and the diverse beauty of unique regional landscapes. Fruit are red and moderately showy. Use Darrow’s Blueberry as a foundation planting or groundcover on Coastal Plain flatwood sites with good drainage, sandy acid soils and shade to partial sun. Avoid root damage or soil compaction on established trees. Fruit are dark blue, 0.5 inches in diameter, and resemble small, black olives. Use Trumpet Honeysuckle on arbors, trellises, fences and walls. Yellow-Root is not often seen in the landscape, except in natural settings and along stream banks. Form is upright with irregular branching. Sometimes described as a clumping palm, it is actually a single-trunk palm, but its trunk is either very short or below ground and it will seldom appear tree-like. The top sides of the 4- to 8-inch leaves are shiny and dark or olive-green; the undersides have a thin layer of hairs. Sparkleberry, also called Farkleberry, is a semi-deciduous shrub with glossy green foliage, medium-fine texture, a slow growth rate and an oval-rounded form. It requires acid soils high in organic matter, good drainage and adequate moisture. Moist soils in the understory of hardwood forests and sandhills. The trunk is light gray and smooth, with prominent corky, somewhat warty, ridges. Coastal Plain from southern New Jersey to the Florida Keys, west to east Texas, southeast Oklahoma into Central America. 6 to 8 feet tall with a spread of 6 to 8 feet. Horse-Sugar, or Sweetleaf, is a small, semi-evergreen shrub with medium texture and medium growth rate. University of North Carolina Herbarium, North Carolina Botanical Garden, Chapel Hill, N.C. Online publication at www.herbarium.une.edu, Status and Revision History Fertilize regularly for best growth. This tree is dioecious, having male (staminate) and female (pistillate) flowers on separate plants. One way is to leave the largest and healthiest trees that form the canopy untouched, remove weak, spindly and diseased trees, then selectively thin the undergrowth. Fall color is yellow. It is subject to a variety of insect and disease problems. 75 to 100 feet tall with a canopy width of 50 to 75 feet. Florida Anise-Tree is a broadleaf, evergreen shrub. Dwarf Palmetto will grow in any soil, provided it is given adequate moisture. It prefers acid soils and full sun to partial shade. "A thing is right if it tends to preserve the beauty, integrity and stability of the biotic community; it is wrong when it tends otherwise." All hawthorns provide fruit for birds in the fall and are preferred nesting trees in spring. The foliage is traditionally cut (along with berries) for Christmas decorations; it is sometimes used as an outdoor Christmas tree. It prefers moist soils in sun to shade and is not drought tolerant. Powdery mildew and leaf spot anthracnose can be problems. It looks particularly nice as a multi-stemmed form. It can be established by division or from container-grown plants. Fall color is burgundy red. See figures 1 and 2 for illustrations of common tree and shrub forms. This long-lived giant may reach heights of 80 to 100 feet, with a trunk diameter of 2 to 2.5 feet. Maryland to West Virginia, south to Florida and west to Missouri. Bottlebrush Buckeye is a graceful, deciduous shrub. Foliage is poisonous. They prefer full sun to light shade. Fertile woodland soils with high organic matter. Bark is shallowly ridged with white streaks. It is prone to ice and storm damage. It develops three to five main branches and many coarse, twiggy branchlets that bend downward and then up at the ends. Painted Buckeye prefers rich, moist soil in partial shade. Occurs in a variety of habitats from high Appalachian elevations to dry or moist woodlands; extends into coastal forests. This small deciduous tree or shrub seldom grows over 20 feet tall and often has short, twisted stems. Within these species, five are evergreen across their range; at least two more are partially evergreen in the southern part of their range. 60 to 75 feet tall with a spread of 40 to 50 feet. It has excellent drought and cold tolerance. It seldom branches but forms colonies from root suckers. Brown, Claude L., and L. Katherine Kirkman. Winged Sumac is a large, deciduous, flowering shrub with coarse texture and a fast growth rate. It takes time for a tree canopy and subsequent plant community to evolve on a site. It prefers deep, moist, well-drained soils and needs plenty of moisture for optimum growth. The leaves are pinnately compound. Moist soils of valleys and uplands in hardwood and pine forests. Honeycup, or Zenobia, is a medium-size, stoloniferous shrub. Common Witchhazel is a deciduous shrub or small tree with medium texture and a medium growth rate. It is usually single-stemmed with a spreading to rounded form. Apply 70g/sq.m to the soil surface and gently fork in. Wet, swampy areas and along small black-water drainage areas of the Coastal Plain. This year, we've launched a new, peat-free compost, enriched with my Flower Power nutrients, as well as a new #ericaceous compost for those lime-hating plants such as #rhododendrons #azaleas #camellias and #blueberries .. . In Georgia, it comprises most of the timber harvested in the Piedmont. The "hops," or inflated bracts that enclose the seed, are irritating to the skin if handled. Sunny, wet, marshy areas; shrubby swamps and pond edges. Yellow Buckeye is a beautiful, fast-growing tree when properly grown. Saw Palmetto is a common understory plant, often found growing thicket-like in southern Georgia and the Florida peninsula. This plant’s claim to fame is the fruit, which superficially resembles hops. With training, it can be grown as a specimen tree. It prefers well-drained soils and full sun and has excellent drought tolerance once established. The bark is smooth gray. It provides filtered shade for other plants, like azaleas and dogwoods. It typically grows in dense thickets and can reach eight to 10 feet in height. The half-inch white flowers bloom in clusters after the leaves emerge, with pink anthers on numerous stamens. It does well in full sun. Honey-scented, yellow flowers appear before the leaves in March. It requires full sun for best growth, 50 to 60 feet tall and 40 to 50 feet wide. If other species are introduced, their cultural requirements should be compatible with those of plants already there. Foliage will scorch if exposed to summer afternoon sun. Flowers are pollinated by only one insect — the yucca moth. The underside of the leaf is lighter than the upper side. Pennsylvania to Florida and westward to Louisiana, Arkansas and Missouri. Downy Serviceberry is a deciduous, flowering tree with medium-fine texture, narrow-rounded crown and a medium growth rate. 70 to 80 feet tall and 40 to 50 feet wide. For good cross pollination, plant two or more cultivars. There are many definitions for native plants. The mature berry-like cones are eaten by many kinds of mammals and birds, including the cedar waxwing. Red Buckeye is an attractive spring-flowering shrub useful in woodland settings where it gets filtered shade and moist conditions. Before the development of the nursery industry, native plants were the only choice for landscape plantings. Maine to Ontario and Minnesota; south to Florida and west to Texas. Top 10 Evergreen Shrubs. Form is oval to round. Fruits turn pinkish-purple and are showy for several months in late summer and fall. A variety of sites along the borders of streams and sandy soils of the Coastal Plain. It is spectacular in bloom, but a young tree may not bloom until it is five to eight years old. Trees of Georgia and Adjacent States. Blackhaw Viburnum is a deciduous, multi-stemmed, flowering shrub or small tree with medium texture, slow to medium growth rate, and rounded form. Cut the plant back heavily every few years to rejuvenate because young stems are the most attractive. Some pruning will be necessary. It grows well on dry sites and is fairly long-lived. Evergreen Rhododendrons are flowering shrubs/small trees with dark green, leathery foliage. Birds eat the fruit, and hummingbirds enjoy the flowers, which are pollinated by birds, not bees. It loses its leaves early, often by late September. Southeastern Missouri, southern Illinois, Kentucky and Virginia, south to Florida and west to eastern Texas and Oklahoma. Leaves are alternate evergreen, 1.5 to 4 inches long and half as wide, with spiny teeth along their margins. Texture describes the visual appearance of the leaves and twigs of the plant, from finely textured to coarsely textured. Habit is upright and spreading. Most native plants are hardy throughout the state. The rich, light green aromatic foliage has a pungent scent when crushed. It requires moist, acid soil, good drainage and afternoon shade. They have leaves lacking bristles on their lobes or leaf apexes, and their acorns require one growing season to mature. Flowers are small and indistinct. Willow Oak can be used as a shade or specimen tree. One handful of Fish, Blood and Bone is about 35g (1 ¼ oz). Nice for mass plantings. Suggestions are made for using the plant in the landscape. Fruit are a greenish color. Uniform shape, lacy fern-like foliage, pest resistance and russet-red fall color are some of this tree’s landscaping merits. It prefers partial shade. New Brunswick to Florida, west to Southern Minnesota, Nebraska, Oklahoma and Arizona. Old leaves drop in the spring as new leaves emerge. Fruit are small, brown capsules. Fragrant, yellow, trumpet-shaped flowers are borne in February and March. Southern Indiana and Illinois, south to Texas and Florida. Many cultivars are available. Attractive to hummingbirds and songbirds. Carolina Buckthorn is a small, deciduous tree. Wet woods, bogs, stream banks and springheads of the Coastal Plain and lower Piedmont. Many soils in Georgia are acidic (pH less than 7.0). It performs poorly in zone 8. Flower color ranges from clear yellow to yellowish-orange, orange, reddish-orange or red. Plants are non-stoloniferous. Use Swamp-Haw in groups for massing or in a shrub border. Massachusetts to Wisconsin, south to Florida and west to Mississippi. Lance, Ron. Disturbed sites, particularly acid, rocky soils of uplands. Field Guide to Native Oak Species of Eastern North America. Nebraska and Minnesota, east to Maine, south to Florida and west to Texas. Broomsedge (Andropogon virginicus) and other early succession forbs, may already be present in open, sunny areas. An understory plant on hardwood forest slopes with good moisture and sandy soils. It also naturalizes in deciduous woods as a ground cover in rocky, shaded areas. They work to establish their root systems for several years before putting on top growth. The leaves are 3 to 6 inches long, shiny, and olive-green above and lighter green below. It does not like harsh conditions. During drought or extreme cold, they will roll into tight cylinders. 6 to 10 feet tall with a spread of 3 to 5 feet. Waste areas and beaches in the lower Coastal Plain; also found on drier upland sites. There are a wide range of bloom times and colors from which to choose. It develops a round, open crown, a buttressed trunk and a shallow root system. Some have beautiful flower displays, or are highly scented in winter when little else is growing, and some have variegated or colourful foliage - a perfect foil for summer perennials, and a feature in itself during the winter. Cultivars are available. Canada to the middle of the Florida peninsula and west to Minnesota, Oklahoma and Texas. Shumard Oak is used as a fast-growing shade or specimen tree. University Press of Florida, Gainesville. It occurs naturally in wet areas but shows good drought tolerance. Dwarf Palmetto looks best in groups, but it also can be effective as a single specimen. It is a ground cover plant rather than a climbing vine. Let your plants and flowers flourish with our range of plant fertiliser and food. Eastern Hophornbeam is a deciduous tree with medium texture and a slow growth rate. It adapts to most sites, including moderately dry sites. 8 to 20 feet tall with a spread of 5 to 15 feet. Fall color is dull red to maroon. Animals may be attracted to this product. Use it in a shrub border or for wildlife food along the woodland edge. Use Scarlet Oak as a shade or specimen tree, especially on dry sites and ridge tops. However, it is smaller and produces fewer flowers than Carolina Silverbell. Fall color is golden yellow. The rigid horizontal branches and spur-like twigs give it the name Blackhaw. Foliage is glossy green. Use Arrowwood Viburnum for hedges, group plantings or screening. This bog in Nova Scotia, Canada is dominated by ericaceous dwarf-shrubs, a common family of plants in the peat bogs of the Northeast. The white flowers have a sweet or musky-sweet fragrance, sometimes with a distinct lemon overtone. New Brunswick to Minnesota, south to North Carolina and Georgia. It tends to be multi-stemmed, but it can be easily pruned into a tree form. Large, fragrant, showy white flowers appear in early summer. It seems to transplant well. Form is upright and pyramidal. Arrowwood Viburnum is a deciduous flowering shrub with medium texture and medium growth rate. The abundant acorn production may be a problem in public areas. It does not tolerate shade or wet conditions. During fall migration, birds eat the seeds quickly. An understory plant of moist and rocky woodlands. It climbs by twining. For best effect, use Bladdernut at the edge of natural, moist woodland settings. Rounded in form, it is grown mostly for its showy flowers in May to June. It prefers loose soils and sun to partial shade. The flowers are pea-like and borne in 2- to 4-inch-long clusters, called racemes. Moist, well-drained uplands and rich, moist slopes. Leaves are pinnately compound with five to seven pairs of leaflets. It is the only native palm with spiny leaf stems. Information on each plant is provided according to the following categories: Generally accepted scientific and common names, as used by specialists in the field, are listed except in cases where names have recently been changed. Westland  Fish, Blood and Bone is a good natural source of all three of the major nutrients. Species that occur where it may be wet in winter and dry in summer, such as southern wax myrtle and yaupon holly, also are reliable landscape plants. The dark bluish-green needles are 3 to 5 inches long in fascicles (bundles) of two or three, sometimes on the same tree. By Gary Wade, Ph.D., Extension Horticulturist (Retired); Elaine Nash, Naturalist; Ed McDowell, Master Gardener, Amateur Botanist and Wildflower Photographer; Brenda Beckham, Master Gardener and Plant Enthusiast; Sharlys Crisafulli, Horticulture Program Assistant, Reviewed by Bodie Pennisi, Extension Floriculture Specialist. It prefers full sun and moist to wet soils. Many small, white flowers are borne in May and June on upright, cylindrical inflorescences, 8 to 12 inches long. White Ash is a large, handsome deciduous tree with medium to coarse texture and medium growth rate. It is especially attractive when flowers are present. University of Georgia Press. It has a medium texture and medium growth rate. The fruit capsules look like Japanese lanterns and are conspicuous all summer and into late fall. Use Groundsel Bush as a specimen plant or in a shrub border. We also express appreciation to the Georgia Native Plant Society for providing funds for technical support. Because this tree has such a wide growing range, its origin is very important. Bark is dark gray with shallow furrows in youth, becoming deeply furrowed with distinct interlacing ridges with age. Very important Holly is a deciduous vine with medium texture and a growth! Trumpet-Shaped orange-red flowers are white to pink, occasionally, on moister slopes in the Piedmont the are! 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